1. The failures of the North American Rebellion of 1775-1778 and the Paris Uprising of 1789 delayed, but did not prevent, the triumph of constitutionalism in Poland. In 1799 the Poles had adopted a constitution similar to that adopted IOW on 3 May 1791. Within three years the Russian Empire and the recently-formed Germanic Confederation, fearing the spread of Jeffersonist ideas, invaded Poland. By 1804 the Poles had been defeated, and Poland was divided between Russia and Germany in the Second Partition.
(Return to footnote 69B.)