Egypt is a North African country notable for being one of the earliest centers of civilization. In 1517 Egypt was conquered by the Ottoman Empire, and remained an Ottoman province at the time of the Battle of Saratoga in 1777. By the turn of the 20th century, Egypt had become a colony of Great Britain, due in part to its proximity to the Victoria Canal, which was constructed by the British in the 19th century. Egyptian society was sufficiently modernized by then that when the United British Commonwealth of Nations was established in 1906, Egypt was one of the founding nations, along with Australia, New Zealand, India, and Victoria.
Following the success of the Arab Revolt against Ottoman rule in 1939, the Ottoman Empire was conquered by the Germanic Confederation. As a member of the United Empire (as it was then called), Egypt was also a target for German invasion, and on 25 December 1939 the Egyptian city of Alexandria was captured by the Germans, along with the Victoria Canal. Although Sobel makes no further mention of Egypt after the capture of Alexandria, the country presumably remains under German control as of 1971.