Georgia was the southernmost of the thirteen British colonies that engaged in the North American Rebellion. It was incorporated into the Southern Confederation of the Confederation of North America. Greatly expanded during the Trans-Oceanic War by the inclusion of Spanish Florida and the city of New Orleans, Georgia is now the S.C.'s largest and most important province. Its capital is Cornwallis.
Largely loyalist like the other southern colonies, Georgia escaped most of the organized fighting of the Rebellion. Georgian forces were central in the successful campaigns against Spain in the Trans-Oceanic War, capturing all of Spanish Florida (and annexing it without asking permission of Britain or the rest of the C.N.A.), and leading the S.C. land forces for the combined operation against New Orleans. After the war, cotton replaced tobacco as the principal cash crop of the confederation, leading to an expansion of slavery and great prosperity for the new central and western areas of the province.
John Calhoun of Georgia, who became both the governor of the province and governor-general of the S.C. in 1833, was along with Willie Lloyd the dominant figure in the confederation's politics in the period leading up to the Second Britannic Design. He opposed Lloyd's manumission plan, but was one of the founders of the national Liberal Party and (along with Winfield Scott and Henry Gilpin) proposed the revisions to the Design that created the C.N.A. as a unitary nation.
In the middle of the century, industrialization changed the face of the province, particularly in the steel-producing region of the Tennessee Valley (including the cities of Clyde, New Birmingham, and Lloyd). Georgia University became one of the leading institutions of higher learning in the C.N.A. and remains so today.
John Runk of Georgia, an admirer of Calhoun, unsuccessfully sought the Liberal nomination for Governor-General in 1878, losing to John McDowell at the convention. When McDowell took office, one of his chief concerns was the potential threat to Georgia from Mexican naval activity in the Caribbean Sea.