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An encyclopedia of Robert Sobel's alternate history For Want of a Nail that anyone can edit!

For Want of a NailEdit

For Want of a Nail: If Burgoyne Had Won at Saratoga is one of the classic works of alternate history. In it, business historian Robert Sobel wrote about an alternate world where the American Revolution was unsuccessful. However, instead of writing a novel set in an alternate timeline, Sobel chose to write a history book from an alternate timeline. The result is a history of an alternate North American continent from 1763 to 1971, including all the scholarly apparatus of an academic work: footnotes, a bibliography, three appendices, a map, an index, a preface by the author (an alternate Robert Sobel), and a critique by Professor Frank Dana, a hostile historian.

The book's point of divergence from our own history is a British victory at the Battle of Saratoga in October 1777, leading to defeat for the American colonists in the American Revolutionary War, which is known in the alternate history as the North American Rebellion. Afterwards, the defeated colonies are reorganized into the Confederation of North America, a dominion of the British Empire that gradually gains complete autonomy over the next fifty years. Meanwhile, the defeated rebels leave the colonies to settle in northern Mexico, where they found the State of Jefferson. In 1819, Jefferson and Mexico merge to form the United States of Mexico. For Want of a Nail then follows the histories of these two North American nations as they interact with each other and with the rest of a changed world, down to the time of the book's publication in the early 1970s.


Like any history book, For Want of a Nail references thousands of people, places, events, and organizations, most of which are unique to the alternate history it describes. The Sobel Wiki exists to serve as an encyclopedia of this richly-detailed alternate world.

Although most of the articles are written from an in-universe point of view, they can also contain italicised information from the point of view of someone in our world (IOW).

For All NailsEdit

In 2001, a number of alternate history enthusiasts at the soc.history.what-if Usenet newsgroup (including Sobel Wiki creator Johnny Pez) joined together in the For All Nails project: to extend the Sobel Timeline past its original 1971 terminus, and to correct the various errors, contradictions, and improbabilities that For Want of a Nail suffers from. The result was a series of over 350 Usenet posts, mostly narrative vignettes of life in the Sobel Timeline, but also including newpaper and magazine articles, letters, and vitavision transcripts. Dan McDonald, one of the participants, began archiving the posts at his website, but real life intervened, as it so often does, and the archive remains incomplete. In order to remedy this deficiency, the Sobel Wiki includes a second archive of For All Nail posts here.

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The Southern Confederation was one of the original five confederations that made up the Confederation of North America under the Britannic Design of 1781. Its capital is Norfolk, Virginia, and its largest city is Charleston, South Carolina. The Southern Confederation includes the provinces of Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. The S.C. was the last confederation in the C.N.A. to abolish slavery.

The first Governor-General of the S.C., John Connolly, was sworn in in Norfolk on 2 July 1782, the day the Design went into effect. Connolly encouraged the former supporters of the North American Rebellion to leave the S.C. for the newly-founded settlement of Jefferson in Spanish Tejas. This not only reduced the ill feeling between former rebels and Loyalists, it also allowed those who remained behind to acquire the lands abandoned by the emigrants. In the year following implementation of the Design, some 6,000 white colonists and 1,000 Negro slaves left the ports of Norfolk, Charleston, and Savannah. By the end of the 1780s an additional 17,000 whites and 3,000 Negroes had left the S.C. for Jefferson.

Despite the departure of thousands of former rebels, the S.C. suffered from an ongoing insurrection led by Francis Marion, a former Lieutenant-Colonel in the Continental Army. Operating from bases in the Virginia hill country, Marion and his followers conducted a guerrilla war against the authority of the Southern Confederation until 1796. (read more)

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